Background: The CRTH2 antagonist OC000459 has previously been demonstrated to reduce airway inflammation and improve lung function in moderate persistent asthma. A study was conducted to determine the effect of lower once daily doses of OC000459 and to define the phenotype of subjects most responsive to treatment.
Methods: Adult subjects (percentage of predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 ) 60-85%) were randomized to OC000459 at three dose levels (25 mg once daily, 200 mg once daily or 100 mg twice daily) or placebo for 12 weeks (n = 117-125 per group, full analysis set). The primary endpoint was the change from baseline in prebronchodilator FEV1 , and secondary endpoints included Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) and Standardised Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire [AQLQ(S)], and incidence of exacerbations and respiratory tract infections.
Results: OC459 caused a significant improvement in FEV1 compared with placebo at a dose of 25 mg once daily (P = 0.028). A similar increase was observed in the other dose groups, and the mean change in FEV1 in the pooled dose groups at endpoint was 95 ml greater than placebo (P = 0.024). In a post hoc analysis of atopic eosinophilic subjects with uncontrolled asthma, a mean increase in FEV1 of 220 ml was observed compared with placebo (P = 0.005). The mean increase in FEV1 was more marked in younger subjects in this group: for subjects aged ≤40 years, there was a mean increase of 355 ml compared with placebo (P = 0.007). Improvements in ACQ and AQLQ(S) were observed in both the full analysis set and the atopic eosinophilic subgroup. There was a lower incidence of exacerbations and respiratory infections in subjects treated with OC000459. There were no drug-related serious adverse events.
Conclusions: OC000459 is a safe and effective oral anti-inflammatory agent, which achieved clinically meaningful improvements in lung function and asthma control in allergic asthmatics with an eosinophil-dominant form of the disease. A dose of 25 mg given once daily was as effective as the higher doses studied.
Keywords: OC000459; asthma; eosinophil; prostaglandin D2.
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.