Leucocyte telomere shortening in relation to newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients with depression

Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2014;2014:673959. doi: 10.1155/2014/673959. Epub 2014 Apr 29.

Abstract

The goal of this study is to investigate the association between oxidative stress and telomere length shortening in the comorbid depression and diabetes. Therefore, 71 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D) and 52 subjects with normal glycemic level (control, Ctrl) were enrolled. Depressive status was identified with the Depression Subscale of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D). Leukocyte telomere length ratio (T/S ratio) was determined with quantitative PCR. Oxidative stress status was evaluated with 8-hydroxy-desoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) assay kit. Some other biochemical blood testing was also performed. The data showed that T2D patients had higher proportion of depression evaluated by the HADS-D (x(2) = 4.196, P = 0.041). T/S ratio was significantly negatively correlated with 8-OHdG, HADS-D, age, HbA1c, FPG, and HOMA-IR. In addition, HADS-D was significantly positively correlated with HbA1c, FPG, HOMA-IR, and 8-OHdG. Both HADS-D and 8-OHdG were the major independent predictors for T/S ratio. This study indicates that oxidative stress contributes to both telomere length shortening and depression development in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients, while in depression status, some other mechanisms besides oxidative stress may also affect the telomere length.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Deoxyguanosine / analogs & derivatives
  • Deoxyguanosine / analysis
  • Depression / complications*
  • Depression / metabolism
  • Depression / pathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diagnosis*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / pathology
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Leukocytes / cytology*
  • Leukocytes / metabolism
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Telomere / metabolism*
  • Telomere Shortening

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • hemoglobin A1c protein, human
  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • Deoxyguanosine