Pancreatic tuberculosis mimicking pancreatic carcinoma during anti-tuberculosis therapy: A case report

World J Clin Cases. 2014 May 16;2(5):167-9. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v2.i5.167.


Pancreatic tuberculosis (TB) is a rare condition, even in immunocompetent hosts. A case is presented of pancreatic TB that mimicked pancreatic head carcinoma in a 40-year-old immunocompetent male patient. The patient was admitted to our hospital after suffering for nine days from epigastralgia and obstructive jaundice. Computed tomography revealed a pancreatic mass that mimicked a pancreatic head carcinoma. The patient had undergone an operation four months prior for thoracic TB and was undergoing anti-TB therapy. A previous abdominal ultrasound was unremarkable with the exception of gallbladder steroid deposits. The patient underwent surgery due to the progressive discomfort of the upper abdomen and a mass that resembled a pancreatic malignancy. A biopsy of the pancreas and lymph nodes was performed, revealing TB infection. The patient received a cholecystostomy tube and recovered after being administered standard anti-TB therapy for 15 mo. This case is reported to emphasize the rare contribution of pancreatic TB to pancreatic masses and obstructive jaundice.

Keywords: Anti-tuberculosis therapy; Pancreatic head carcinoma; Pancreatic mass; Pancreatic tuberculosis; Tube cholecystostomy.

Publication types

  • Case Reports