Enhanced recovery after surgery pathway in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy

World J Surg. 2014 Nov;38(11):2960-6. doi: 10.1007/s00268-014-2653-5.


Background: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS(®)) pathways have reduced morbidity and length of hospital stay (LOS) in orthopedics, bariatric, and colorectal surgery. New perioperative care protocols have been tested in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), with controversial results on morbidity. Incomplete data about ERAS items compliance have been reported. The aim of this study was to assess compliance with an ERAS protocol and its impact on short-term outcome in patients undergoing PD.

Methods: A comprehensive ERAS protocol was applied in 115 consecutive patients undergoing PD. Each ERAS patient was matched with one patient who received standard perioperative care. Match criteria were age, gender, malignant/benign disease, and PD-specific prognostic score.

Results: No adverse effect related to ERAS items occurred. Compliance with postoperative items ranged between 38 and 66 %. The ERAS group had an earlier recovery of mobilization (p < 0.001), oral feeding (p < 0.001), gut motility (p < 0.001), and an earlier suspension of intravenous fluids (p = 0.041). No difference between ERAS and control group was found in mortality, overall morbidity, and major complication rates. Subgroup analysis showed that 43/60 (71 %) patients with early postoperative low compliance with the ERAS pathway had complications. The ERAS pathway significantly shortened LOS in uneventful patients or those with minor complications (11.2 vs. 13.7 days, p = 0.001).

Conclusion: The ERAS pathway was feasible and safe, yielding an earlier postoperative recovery. An ERAS protocol should be implemented in patients undergoing PD; however, patients with early postoperative low compliance should be carefully managed.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Analgesia, Epidural
  • Early Ambulation
  • Enteral Nutrition
  • Female
  • Fluid Therapy
  • Gastrointestinal Motility
  • Guideline Adherence*
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy* / adverse effects
  • Perioperative Care / methods*
  • Postoperative Period
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Recovery of Function*