The resilience activation framework: a conceptual model of how access to social resources promotes adaptation and rapid recovery in post-disaster settings

J Behav Health Serv Res. 2015 Jan;42(1):42-57. doi: 10.1007/s11414-014-9410-2.


A number of governmental agencies have called for enhancing citizens' resilience as a means of preparing populations in advance of disasters, and as a counterbalance to social and individual vulnerabilities. This increasing scholarly, policy, and programmatic interest in promoting individual and communal resilience presents a challenge to the research and practice communities: to develop a translational framework that can accommodate multidisciplinary scientific perspectives into a single, applied model. The Resilience Activation Framework provides a basis for testing how access to social resources, such as formal and informal social support and help, promotes positive adaptation or reduced psychopathology among individuals and communities exposed to the acute collective stressors associated with disasters, whether human-made, natural, or technological in origin. Articulating the mechanisms by which access to social resources activate and sustain resilience capacities for optimal mental health outcomes post-disaster can lead to the development of effective preventive and early intervention programs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Disasters*
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Petroleum Pollution
  • Resilience, Psychological*
  • Social Support