The role of vitamin D in the health of Hispanic adults with diabetes

Hisp Health Care Int. 2014;12(2):90-8. doi: 10.1891/1540-4153.12.2.90.


The highest prevalence of low vitamin D levels are among Hispanics and non-Hispanic Blacks. Evidence suggests that low vitamin D levels may contribute to increased risk for diabetes and its complications. Hispanics are at greater risk for vitamin D deficiency. To address the relationship between vitamin D, diabetes, and Hispanics, this research is described. Evidence supports an association between low vitamin D and risk for diabetes, but there remains insufficient evidence to suggest whether treatment of low vitamin D can prevent or improve diabetes. In addition, there is limited research regarding vitamin D deficiency in the Hispanic population. Factors such as obesity, dark skin pigmentation, northern geographical latitude, and prevalence of renal insufficiency may place Hispanics at greater risk for low vitamin D levels. Nurses need to understand the signs and symptoms of vitamin D deficiency and treatment recommendation guidelines, which are also described. This information will allow nurses to improve the health outcomes and decrease the disparities amongst adult Hispanics with diabetes.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / ethnology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Assessment
  • Self Care / statistics & numerical data
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Vitamin D / administration & dosage*
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / ethnology*
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / prevention & control


  • Vitamin D