Strategies for measuring the rate of age-related cataract formation in vivo

Lens Eye Toxic Res. 1989;6(4):515-22.


The Lens Opacities Classification System (LOCS II) has been tested as a method for detecting and grading longitudinal changes in cataract severity. The LOCS I and II systems have already been tested and validated for cross-sectional classification of human cataracts in vivo. 130 eyes (of 68 patients) were photographed at baseline and follow-up visits with Neitz CTR and Zeiss slit photography. The mean length of follow-up was 14.7 +/- 4.4 months. The severity of nuclear opalescence (NO), cortical (C) and posterior subcapular cataract (P) was graded in a masked fashion using the LOCS II standards. Side-by-side comparisons of baseline and follow-up photos were also done in a masked fashion to detect more subtle changes than might be evident in the LOCS II gradings. The annual percent progression in cataracts graded by LOCS II standards are: (NO): 12.4%, (C): 17.9%, and (P): 6.5%. The LOCS II standards are offered as a promising subjective method for longitudinal grading of human cataractous change in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aging*
  • Cataract / classification*
  • Cataract / pathology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Lens Cortex, Crystalline / pathology
  • Lens Nucleus, Crystalline / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Photography
  • Reproducibility of Results