Esophageal cancer: staging system and guidelines for staging and treatment

J Thorac Dis. 2014 May;6 Suppl 3(Suppl 3):S289-97. doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2014.03.11.


Survival of esophageal cancer is improving but remains poor. Esophageal cancer stage is based on depth of tumor invasion, involvement of regional lymph nodes, and the presence or absence of metastatic disease. Appropriate work-up is critical to identify accurate pre-treatment staging so that both under-treatment and unnecessary treatment is avoided. Treatment strategy should follow guideline recommendations, and generally should be developed after multidisciplinary evaluation.

Keywords: Esophageal neoplasms; esophagectomy; neoplasm staging.

Publication types

  • Review