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Observational Study
, 60 (4), 876-83; discussion 883-4

Clinical Outcome of an Extended Proximal Seal Zone With the AFX Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm System

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Observational Study

Clinical Outcome of an Extended Proximal Seal Zone With the AFX Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm System

M Burress Welborn 3rd et al. J Vasc Surg.

Abstract

Objective: Despite improvements in endograft technology, operator skill, and patient selection, endovascular aneurysm repair continues to be associated with device-related complications. A retrospective, observational study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical outcome and imaging findings of a unique device having externally-mounted, conformable graft material.

Methods: Infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with the Endologix, Inc AFX endovascular aortic aneurysm system (Irvine, Calif) endograft in 108 consecutive patients over a 25-month period at two U.S. clinical sites. Baseline characteristics and procedural outcomes were reviewed by independent monitors. Serial computed tomography (CT) imaging assessments were performed by an independent core laboratory. Aortic neck characteristics and graft apposition were analyzed from center line-reformatted CT data sets in 37 patients in an imaging cohort comprising subjects with high-resolution baseline and follow-up CT imaging for precise assessment of aortic neck characteristics. The mean follow-up was 11 ± 5 months overall, 9 ± 6 months in patients with core laboratory imaging, and 5 ± 2 months for patients in the imaging cohort.

Results: Among the 108 patients, 103 (95%) had intact aneurysms and five (4.6%) were treated for rupture; 80 (74%) were male and 28 (26%) were female. On average, 2.3 ± 0.7 endograft components were implanted per patient and no adjunctive proximal neck bare stents were used. There were no perioperative deaths in patients with intact aneurysms; two patients who presented with ruptured aortic aneurysms (40%) died. Major adverse events occurred within 30 days of implantation in two patients (1.9%) with intact aneurysms. Type II endoleaks were evident on completion angiography in 18 patients (16.7%). Core laboratory analysis of CT studies identified two patients with type Ia endoleaks (2.3%), two with type III endoleaks (2.3%), and five with type II endoleaks (5.7%). Aneurysm-related secondary procedures were required in five patients over the first year of follow-up (4.6%). No patient developed endograft limb occlusion or aneurysm rupture and there were no open surgical conversions. In the imaging cohort, 360° graft-to-aortic wall apposition was continuous over a length of 25 ± 17 mm and extended the seal zone an average of 5 mm beyond the end of the anatomic neck. Early sac regression was correlated with neck length (P = .019) and graft-to-aortic apposition surface area (P = .039).

Conclusions: The real-world use of the AFX endograft was associated with a low rate of device-and procedure-related complications. The ability to achieve an extended seal zone beyond the anatomical neck might in part contribute to positive outcomes, including the low type Ia and type II endoleak rate. These findings suggest that the AFX device might offer some advantages over other currently marketed endografts, but confirmation awaits the availability of longer-term outcome data.

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