Interdependence of the actin and the microtubule cytoskeleton during fungal growth

Curr Opin Microbiol. 2014 Aug:20:34-41. doi: 10.1016/j.mib.2014.04.005. Epub 2014 May 27.


Cell polarization is a theme in biology conserved from bacteria to man. One of the most extremely polarized cells in nature is the hyphae of filamentous fungi. A continuous flow of secretion vesicles from the hyphal cell body to the tip is essential for cell wall and membrane extension. Microtubules (MTs) and actin, along with their corresponding motor proteins, are involved in the secretion process. Therefore, the arrangement of the cytoskeleton is a crucial step to establish and maintain polarity. Here we review recent findings unraveling the mechanism of polarized growth with special emphasis on the role of the actin and MT cytoskeletons and cell end markers linking the two cytoskeletons. We will mainly focus on Neurospora crassa and Aspergillus nidulans as model organisms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Aspergillus nidulans / growth & development*
  • Aspergillus nidulans / metabolism
  • Aspergillus nidulans / physiology
  • Cell Polarity*
  • Hyphae / growth & development
  • Hyphae / metabolism
  • Microtubules / metabolism*
  • Neurospora crassa / growth & development*
  • Neurospora crassa / metabolism
  • Neurospora crassa / physiology
  • Secretory Vesicles / metabolism*


  • Actins