Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis: a case report and review of the literature

Indian J Ophthalmol. 2014 May;62(5):622-7. doi: 10.4103/0301-4738.133521.


Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare, sporadic congenital neurocutaneous disorder that characteristically involves ectomesodermal tissues, such as skin, eyes, and central nervous system. A 3-day-old girl presented with swelling in her right eye since birth. Ocular examination of the right eye showed hypertrophy of bulbar conjunctiva with limbal dermoid, clouding of cornea, and atypical upper eyelid coloboma. The left eye showed conjunctival congestion and corneal vascularization. Dermatological examination showed alopecia, nevus psiloliparus, focal dermal hypoplasia on forehead, multiple focal aplastic lesions on the scalp, skin tag at canthus, and lipoma in the fronto-temporal region. Imaging revealed calcification of the right globe, hydrocephalus, agenesis of corpus callosum, multiple intracranial cysts, calcification, and lipomas. The constellation of these clinical and the imaging findings led to a diagnosis of encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis. This case report and review of the literature is presented to provide a synopsis of problems likely to be encountered by an ophthalmologist who treats patients with ECCL.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Eye Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lipomatosis / diagnosis*
  • Neurocutaneous Syndromes / diagnosis*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial

Supplementary concepts

  • Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis