Mixed-mode liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry for the analysis of aminoglycosides in meat

Anal Bioanal Chem. 2014 Aug;406(20):4941-53. doi: 10.1007/s00216-014-7912-7. Epub 2014 Jun 3.


A novel LC-MS/MS method has been developed for the determination of 13 aminoglycoside antibiotics in meat products. Among the chromatographic columns tested, the mixed-mode Obelisc R provided the best performance. Electrospray has been used for the coupling of the LC and the effect of temperature on the ionization has been evaluated. The mass spectra of AGs have been studied in order to select the most adequate precursor and product ions for quantitation and confirmation in SRM mode, showing that the single charged [M+H](+) provided better precisions than the double charged [M+2H](2+). Accurate mass measurements have been performed in order to confirm the molecular composition of the product ions, allowing the establishment of a new mechanism for some product ions of STR and DHSTR. A sample treatment based on an extraction and a SPE clean-up has been applied to a wide variety of meat products such as frankfurters; sausages; and minced meat of pork, veal, and chicken. Method limits of quantitation in the low microgram per kilogram level (1-50 μg kg(-1)), precisions %RSD below 15 % and accuracies expressed as relative errors below 23 % have been obtained, making the proposed method suitable for routine analysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aminoglycosides / analysis*
  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Liquid / methods*
  • Meat / analysis*
  • Solid Phase Extraction / methods*
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry / methods*


  • Aminoglycosides