NET gains and losses: the role of changing nuclear envelope proteomes in genome regulation

Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2014 Jun;28:105-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ceb.2014.04.005. Epub 2014 Jun 2.

Abstract

In recent years, our view of the nucleus has changed considerably with an increased awareness of the roles dynamic higher order chromatin structure and nuclear organization play in nuclear function. More recently, proteomics approaches have identified differential expression of nuclear lamina and nuclear envelope transmembrane (NET) proteins. Many NETs have been implicated in a range of developmental disorders as well as cell-type specific biological processes, including genome organization and nuclear morphology. While further studies are needed, it is clear that the differential nuclear envelope proteome contributes to cell-type specific nuclear identity and functions. This review discusses the importance of proteome diversity at the nuclear periphery and highlights the putative roles of NET proteins, with a focus on nuclear architecture.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromosomes / chemistry
  • Chromosomes / genetics
  • Chromosomes / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genome*
  • Humans
  • Nuclear Envelope / chemistry
  • Nuclear Envelope / genetics*
  • Nuclear Envelope / metabolism
  • Proteome / genetics
  • Proteome / metabolism*

Substances

  • Proteome