Intrathoracic saline-filled prosthesis to treat postpneumonectomy syndrome

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2015 Jan;23(1):78-81. doi: 10.1177/0218492313516115. Epub 2013 Dec 6.


Postpneumonectomy syndrome is a rare complication following pneumonectomy with its related change in mediastinal configuration. Symptoms range from airway obstruction to esophageal symptoms, leading at times to a persistent requirement for respiratory support. Surgery is often beneficial, which is in the form of placement of a prosthesis, with variable results. We report 2 cases of postpneumonectomy syndrome: one with successful relief, and the other in which the saline-filled prosthesis failed to achieve the desired result.

Keywords: Pneumonectomy; Postoperative complications; Prosthesis implantation; Respiratory insufficiency; post-pneumonectomy syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pneumonectomy / adverse effects*
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis
  • Postoperative Complications / physiopathology
  • Postoperative Complications / surgery*
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Prosthesis Implantation / instrumentation*
  • Prosthesis Implantation / methods
  • Sodium Chloride*
  • Syndrome
  • Thoracotomy
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Sodium Chloride