Corneal topography using rasterstereography

Refract Corneal Surg. Nov-Dec 1989;5(6):414-7.

Abstract

Rasterstereography is a new method of determining the topography of the cornea. Unlike Placido disc types of systems it does not depend on the reflectivity of the corneal surface, and it can provide information about the entire corneal, limbal and interpalpebral conjunctival surfaces. Since a smooth reflective surface is not required, images can be obtained with epithelial irregularity or defects, sutures, or stromal ulceration. A grid of horizontal and vertical bars of light is projected onto the cornea, and the pattern of the grid on the ocular surface is determined by its topography. The image is obtained by a video camera, and digitized, stored, and analyzed by an image processor. A three dimensional image of the corneal surface, contour maps of corneal elevation, and corneal curvature can be displayed.

MeSH terms

  • Cornea / anatomy & histology*
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Ophthalmology / methods*
  • Photogrammetry
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Videotape Recording