Purpose: Gastroschisis neonates have delayed time to full enteral feeds (ENT), possibly due to bowel exposure to amniotic fluid. We investigated whether delivery at <37weeks improves neonatal outcomes of gastroschisis and impact of intra/extra-abdominal bowel dilatation (IABD/EABD).
Methods: A retrospective review of gastroschisis (1992-2012) linked fetal/neonatal data at 2 tertiary referral centers was performed. Primary outcomes were ENT and length of hospital stay (LOS). Data (median [range]) were analyzed using parametric/non-parametric tests, positive/negative predictive values, and regression analysis.
Results: Two hundred forty-six patients were included. Thirty-two were complex (atresia/necrosis/perforation/stenosis). ENT (p<0.0001) and LOS (p<0.0001) were reduced with increasing gestational age. IABD persisted to last scan in 92 patients, 68 (74%) simple (intact/uncompromised bowel), 24 (26%) complex. IABD or EABD diameter in complex patients was not significantly greater than simple gastroschisis. Combined IABD/EABD was present in 22 patients (14 simple, 8 complex). When present at <30weeks, the positive predictive value for complex gastroschisis was 75%. Two patients with necrosis and one atresia had IABD and collapsed extra-abdominal bowel from <30weeks.
Conclusion: Early delivery is associated with prolonged ENT/LOS, suggesting elective delivery at <37weeks is not beneficial. Combined IABD/EABD or IABD/collapsed extra-abdominal bowel is suggestive of complex gastroschisis.
Keywords: Antenatal ultrasound; Bowel inflammation; Enteral feeding; Extra-abdominal bowel dilatation; Gastroschisis; Gestational age; Intra-abdominal bowel dilatation; Post-natal outcome; Preterm delivery.
Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.