Objective: To report a novel mechanism suggestive of early ovarian failure secondary to the anti-tumor hedgehog-pathway inhibitor vismodegib.
Design: Case report and literature review.
Setting: Academic and private dermatology and fertility practices.
Patient(s): A 34-year-old nulliparous woman with locally advanced basal cell carcinomas who became amenorrheic while receiving oral therapy with vismodegib.
Intervention(s): Physical examination and endocrine evaluation.
Main outcome measure(s): Elevated follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and low estrogen in the setting of a normal anti-Müllerian hormone.
Result(s): FSH was elevated; estrogen was low. Preantral follicles were detected and anti-Müllerian hormone activity was normal. Menses resumed 5 weeks after cessation of therapy.
Conclusion(s): Vismodegib, a first-in-class inhibitor of the hedgehog signaling pathway is indicated for advanced basal cell carcinoma and is associated with amenorrhea. The mechanism is unknown; it has some features of ovarian failure but preserves ovarian potential through blockading of FSH-receptor-dependent signal transduction. This effect appears to be rapidly reversible upon cessation of therapy. Vismodegib and related compounds may have potential for a role in intervention for gynecologic and endocrine disorders and in therapy for other issues involving FSH-dependent function.
Keywords: BCC; FSH-R; Vismodegib; amenorrhea; hedgehog.
Copyright © 2014 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.