In industrialized countries, most cases of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in humans are autochthonous, mainly through foodborne and zoonotic transmission routes. In Europe, genotype 3 is a cause of acute self-limiting viral hepatitis, but can also be responsible for chronic hepatitis in immunocompromised patients. Ribavirin has been successfully used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis E and in a few cases of severe acute hepatitis E in immunocompetent patients. We report here the case of a 39 year-old man infected with HIV presenting with acute hepatitis E (genotype 3c). Unlike most cases, evolution was severe with a fall of prothrombin time down to 45%. Treatment with ribavirin allowed rapid viral clearance and a gradual normalization of liver function tests.
Keywords: Acute hepatitis E; HEV; HIV infection; Ribavirin.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.