Your blues ain't like mine: considering integrative antiracism in HIV prevention research with black men who have sex with men in Canada and the United States

Nurs Inq. 2014 Dec;21(4):270-282. doi: 10.1111/nin.12055. Epub 2014 Jun 4.


Evidence-based interventions have been developed and used to prevent HIV infections among black men who have sex with men (MSM) in Canada and the United States; however, the degree to which interventions address racism and other interlocking oppressions that influence HIV vulnerability is not well known. We utilize integrative antiracism to guide a review of HIV prevention intervention studies with black MSM and to determine how racism and religious oppression are addressed in the current intervention evidence base. We searched CINAHL, PsychInfo, MEDLINE and the CDC compendium of evidence-based HIV prevention interventions and identified seventeen interventions. Three interventions targeted black MSM, yet only one intervention addressed racism, religious oppression, cultural assets and religious assets. Most interventions' samples included low numbers of black MSM. More research is needed on interventions that address racism and religious oppression on HIV vulnerability among black MSM. Future research should focus on explicating mechanisms by which multiple oppressions impact HIV vulnerability. We recommend the development and integration of social justice tools for nursing practice that aid in addressing the impacts of racism and other oppressions on HIV vulnerability of black MSM.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS; critical theory; men's health; multicultural issues; racism.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Research
  • Black or African American*
  • Canada
  • HIV Infections / ethnology*
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control
  • Homosexuality, Male / ethnology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Racism / prevention & control*
  • United States
  • Young Adult