Aims: To characterize pathological, immunohistochemical and molecular features of small intestinal serrated neoplasms.
Methods and results: We report 13 serrated neoplasms located predominantly in the duodenum (median age, 71 years; male to female ratio, 7:6). The serrated adenomas demonstrated prominent serration, ectopic crypt formations and cytological features reminiscent of colorectal traditional serrated adenomas. Almost half the serrated adenomas demonstrated high-grade dysplasia or were associated with an adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemical and molecular analysis showed an intestinal (CDX2-positive) phenotype in all tumours, abnormal β-catenin staining in three cases (23%), abnormal p53 expression in four cases (31%), focal loss of MGMT expression in one case (8%), KRAS mutation in five cases (38%) and CpG island methylator phenotype in six cases (50%). A diffuse pattern of Ki67 expression was present in eight adenomas (62%) and was associated with high-grade dysplasia (P = 0.02). No BRAF(V600E) mutation or loss of MLH1 expression was observed.
Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first series reporting serrated adenoma in the small intestine, a rare subtype of adenomas resembling traditional serrated adenoma with aggressive morphological features. The absence of the BRAF(V600E) mutation does not support a role for the serrated neoplasia pathway in the development of these lesions, as in colorectal serrated polyps.
Keywords: BRAF; CIMP; KRAS; serrated adenocarcinoma; serrated adenoma; small intestine; traditional serrated adenoma.
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.