We reviewed the literature that examines the association between the built environment and diet. The MEDLINE electronic database was searched. Eligible articles must have been published between 2000 and 2013, in the English language, and must have been conducted among a population-based sample of adults older than 18 years of age. Twenty-four articles met the inclusion criteria. The majority of studies (over 70%) focused on fruit and vegetable consumption. Most studies (88%) found a statistically significant relationship between diet and some aspect of the built environment. However, the results across studies were not consistent. These inconsistencies may be attributable to methodological challenges, including differing definitions of neighbourhood, and inconsistent approaches to measuring built environment features and diet. In order to explore the complex relationship between built environment and people's dietary behaviour, research design needs to be improved, and the items people actually buy need to be examined. In addition, more research is needed to investigate the causal pathways linking environmental factors and dietary intake.
我们对居住环境和饮食的相关文献进行了整理和研究。文献主要从 MEDLINE 电子数据库获得。我们收录文献的条件是2000-2013 年发表的英 文文章，调查人群年龄为18 岁以上。结果有24 篇文章符合要求。多数文献 (70%)是研究蔬菜和水果的消费情况，大部分文献(88%)的研究都认为饮食和 居住环境的某一方面有关联。然而各个研究的结果却并不一致。或许是由于 采用了不同的研究方法，包括对邻里的定义不同，以及对居住环境饮食特征 的测定不同。为了更加深入了解居住环境和人们饮食习惯的复杂关系，研究 设计应当有所改进，并将人们实际购买的物品归入研究范围。此外，也应该 对环境因素和食物摄入的因果关系加以研究。