Defining powerhouse fruits and vegetables: a nutrient density approach

Prev Chronic Dis. 2014 Jun 5;11:E95. doi: 10.5888/pcd11.130390.


National nutrition guidelines emphasize consumption of powerhouse fruits and vegetables (PFV), foods most strongly associated with reduced chronic disease risk; yet efforts to define PFV are lacking. This study developed and validated a classification scheme defining PFV as foods providing, on average, 10% or more daily value per 100 kcal of 17 qualifying nutrients. Of 47 foods studied, 41 satisfied the powerhouse criterion and were more nutrient-dense than were non-PFV, providing preliminary evidence of the validity of the classification scheme. The proposed classification scheme is offered as a tool for nutrition education and dietary guidance.

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease / prevention & control
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Energy Intake
  • Fruit*
  • Humans
  • Nutrition Policy*
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Nutritional Sciences / education
  • Nutritive Value*
  • Recommended Dietary Allowances
  • Terminology as Topic
  • Vegetables*