Background: This study examined a PERIOD3 (PER3) gene variable number tandem repeat polymorphism and chronotype as potential BrCA risk factors among Indian women.
Methods: This case-control study included sporadic, histologically confirmed BrCA cases (n = 255) and controls (n = 249) from India with data collection from 2010-2012.
Results: Women with the 4/5 or 5/5 PER3 genotype had a nonstatistically significant 33% increased odds of BrCA. Cases were more likely to have a morning (OR = 2.43, 95% CI = 1.23-4.81) or evening (OR = 2.55, 95% CI = 1.19-5.47) chronotype.
Conclusions: Findings are consistent with the possibility that extremes in chronotype may elicit circadian desynchronization, resulting in increased BrCA susceptibility.
Keywords: Breast Cancer; Circadian; Clock Gene; Diurnal Preference.