Validity of self-reported exposure to second-hand smoke in hospitality venues

Environ Res. 2014 Aug;133:1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2014.04.029. Epub 2014 Jun 3.


The aim was to assess the validity of self-reported exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) in 50 hospitality venues of Madrid (Spain) in 2010, taking as a reference vapour-phase nicotine measured by active sampling. The questions posed in the questionnaire permitted distinguishing between the different levels of SHS. However, the moderate relationship found (Spearman׳s correlation=0.387, p<0.001) suggests that intensity of exposure to SHS in hospitality venues, based solely on self-reported information, should be used with caution.

Keywords: Airborne nicotine; Hospitality venues; Second-hand smoke; Self-reported; Validity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nicotine / adverse effects
  • Nicotine / analysis*
  • Restaurants
  • Self Report*
  • Spain
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / adverse effects
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / analysis*


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution
  • Nicotine