Background: Patients with high-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) need multi-agent chemotherapy to be cured. The most common regimen is etoposide (E), methotrexate (M) and actinomycin D (A), alternating weekly with cyclophosphamide (C) plus vincristine (O) (EMA/CO). Cisplatin (P) is a very active drug, but it is usually restricted to second-line therapies. Herein, we report the results of a cisplatin-based therapy: APE (actinomycin D, cisplatin, and etoposide).
Patients and methods: The efficacy and safety of APE for high-risk GTN (defined by Institut Gustave-Roussy (IGR) criteria and/or an International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) score >6) are reported. Patients with brain metastasis or placental-site trophoblastic tumour were excluded.
Results: Between 1985 and 2013, 95 patients were treated with APE for high-risk GTN: 59 patients as first-line, 36 as ⩾ 2nd-line therapy. There was 94.7% complete remission, though five patients relapsed. One patient died from GTN after multiple lines of chemotherapy. The five-year overall survival rate (median follow-up 5.7 years) was 97% (95% confidence interval (CI): 91-99%). No death from toxicity occurred. Long-term, six grade-1 neuro-toxicities, three grade-1 and two grade-2 oto-toxicities, and one grade-1 renal toxicity were recorded. One patient developed AML-M4 after APE and EMA/CO. Thirty-four of 35 women, who wished to become pregnant, succeeded and all had at least one live birth.
Conclusion: With a 97% long-term overall survival rate, limited long-term toxicity, and an excellent reproductive outcome, APE could be regarded as an alternative option to EMA/CO as a standard therapy for high-risk GTN.
Keywords: Actinomycin D; Cisplatin; Etoposide; High-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia.
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