Management issues with exogenous steroid therapy

Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Dec;17(Suppl 3):S612-7. doi: 10.4103/2230-8210.123548.


Glucocorticoids (GCs) are extensively used for various inflammatory and autoimmune disorders, but long term use of these agents is not without complications. Almost every GC formulations (e.g. oral, topical, inhaled, etc.) can cause systemic side effects. It can range from minor side effects (e.g. weight gain) to life-threatening effects (e.g. adrenal suppression, sepsis, etc.), which may require immediate intervention. Therefore, the decision to institute steroid therapy always requires careful consideration of the relative risk and benefit in each patient. The objectives of this study are to discuss monitoring of patients on GCs and management of the complications of GCs.

Keywords: Adrenal suppression; avascular necrosis; exogenous cushing's syndrome; glucocorticoids-induced osteoporosis.

Publication types

  • Review