Introduction: We investigated the effect of resistance exercise intensity and exercise-induced metabolic stress on the activation of anabolic signaling and expression of myogenic genes in skeletal muscle.
Methods: Ten strength-trained athletes performed high-intensity [HI, 74% of 1-repetition maximum (RM)], middle-intensity (MI, 54% 1RM), or middle-intensity (54% 1RM) no-relaxation exercise (MIR). Kinase phosphorylation level and myogenic gene expression in muscle samples were evaluated before, 45 min, 5 h, and 20 h after exercise.
Results: The lactate concentration in MI was approximately 2-fold lower than in the 2 other sessions, and was highest in MIR. The phosphorylation level of extracellular kinase 1/2Thr202/Tyr204 after exercise was related to metabolic stress. Metabolic stress induced a decrease in myostatin mRNA expression, whereas mechano-growth factor mRNA level depended on exercise intensity.
Conclusions: This study demonstrates that both intensity and exercise-induced metabolic stress can be manipulated to affect muscle anabolic signaling.
Keywords: gene expression; metabolic stress; protein kinase; resistance exercise; skeletal muscle.
© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.