Background: Liver disease is an important complication in CF.
Aims: To determine if CFLD is a risk factor for mortality in CF, and which baseline characteristics predict all-cause mortality.
Methods: Irish children with CFLD, and their age and gender matched controls were enrolled at baseline and reviewed after 10years to determine which characteristics predict mortality.
Results: 72/84 (85.71%) participants were followed, (mean age Cases 21.71yrs SD 6.5, CF controls 23.62 SD 5.6, 22 (61%) males), with no difference in duration of follow-up. Nineteen participants (26.4%) died, 38.9% (14/36) with CFLD and 13.89% (5/36) CF controls (Odds Ratio (OR) 3.94 95% CI:1.23-12.56 p=0.005). In logistic regression, liver disease (OR 4.28 95% CI 1.07-17.16) female gender (OR 12.25 95% CI 2.37-63.24), reduced pulmonary function, (OR 5.11 95% CI 1.09-23.81) were each independent risk factors for mortality in CF.
Conclusions: Liver disease is an independent risk factor for mortality in CF.
Keywords: Cystic fibrosis liver disease; Female gender; Mortality; Nutrition; Outcome.
Copyright © 2014 European Cystic Fibrosis Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.