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. 2014 Jun 19;510(7505):356-62.
doi: 10.1038/nature13308. Epub 2014 Jun 11.

The Genome of Eucalyptus Grandis

Alexander A Myburg  1 Dario Grattapaglia  2 Gerald A Tuskan  3 Uffe Hellsten  4 Richard D Hayes  4 Jane Grimwood  5 Jerry Jenkins  5 Erika Lindquist  4 Hope Tice  4 Diane Bauer  4 David M Goodstein  4 Inna Dubchak  4 Alexandre Poliakov  4 Eshchar Mizrachi  1 Anand R K Kullan  1 Steven G Hussey  1 Desre Pinard  1 Karen van der Merwe  1 Pooja Singh  1 Ida van Jaarsveld  6 Orzenil B Silva-Junior  7 Roberto C Togawa  7 Marilia R Pappas  8 Danielle A Faria  8 Carolina P Sansaloni  8 Cesar D Petroli  8 Xiaohan Yang  9 Priya Ranjan  9 Timothy J Tschaplinski  9 Chu-Yu Ye  9 Ting Li  9 Lieven Sterck  10 Kevin Vanneste  10 Florent Murat  11 Marçal Soler  12 Hélène San Clemente  12 Naijib Saidi  12 Hua Cassan-Wang  12 Christophe Dunand  12 Charles A Hefer  13 Erich Bornberg-Bauer  14 Anna R Kersting  15 Kelly Vining  16 Vindhya Amarasinghe  16 Martin Ranik  16 Sushma Naithani  17 Justin Elser  18 Alexander E Boyd  19 Aaron Liston  17 Joseph W Spatafora  17 Palitha Dharmwardhana  18 Rajani Raja  18 Christopher Sullivan  19 Elisson Romanel  20 Marcio Alves-Ferreira  21 Carsten Külheim  22 William Foley  22 Victor Carocha  23 Jorge Paiva  24 David Kudrna  25 Sergio H Brommonschenkel  26 Giancarlo Pasquali  27 Margaret Byrne  28 Philippe Rigault  29 Josquin Tibbits  30 Antanas Spokevicius  31 Rebecca C Jones  32 Dorothy A Steane  33 René E Vaillancourt  32 Brad M Potts  32 Fourie Joubert  34 Kerrie Barry  4 Georgios J Pappas  35 Steven H Strauss  16 Pankaj Jaiswal  17 Jacqueline Grima-Pettenati  12 Jérôme Salse  11 Yves Van de Peer  36 Daniel S Rokhsar  4 Jeremy Schmutz  37
Affiliations

The Genome of Eucalyptus Grandis

Alexander A Myburg et al. Nature. .

Abstract

Eucalypts are the world's most widely planted hardwood trees. Their outstanding diversity, adaptability and growth have made them a global renewable resource of fibre and energy. We sequenced and assembled >94% of the 640-megabase genome of Eucalyptus grandis. Of 36,376 predicted protein-coding genes, 34% occur in tandem duplications, the largest proportion thus far in plant genomes. Eucalyptus also shows the highest diversity of genes for specialized metabolites such as terpenes that act as chemical defence and provide unique pharmaceutical oils. Genome sequencing of the E. grandis sister species E. globulus and a set of inbred E. grandis tree genomes reveals dynamic genome evolution and hotspots of inbreeding depression. The E. grandis genome is the first reference for the eudicot order Myrtales and is placed here sister to the eurosids. This resource expands our understanding of the unique biology of large woody perennials and provides a powerful tool to accelerate comparative biology, breeding and biotechnology.

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