Objective: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) predicts increased mortality in part due to an elevated incidence of sudden cardiac death in hypertension. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation of microvolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) with different LV geometric patterns in patient with sustained hypertension.
Methods: This study consisted of 311 consecutive patients with sustained hypertension who were divided into four groups according to LV geometrical patterns. 90 patients were in the normal geometry group (NGG) [mean age 49.6 ± 7.8 years; 60 males (66.7%)], 99 patients were in the concentric remodeling group (CRG) [mean age 50.9 ± 6.6 years; 50 males (50.6%)], 63 patients were in the concentric hypertrophy group (CHG) [mean age 51.6 ± 7.3 years; 32 males (50.7%)] and 58 patients were in the eccentric hypertrophy group (EHG) [mean age 51.6 ± 9.0 years; 30 males (51.7%)]. Physical examination, laboratory work-up, office blood pressure measurement, transthoracic echocardiography and MTWA measurements were performed on all participants.
Results: MTWA positivity was significantly higher in EHG and CHG as compared to CRG and NGG (p < 0.001). Left ventricle mass index (LVMI), LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), LV end-systolic diameter (LVESD), interventricular septum diameter (IVSd), posterior wall diameter (PWd) and office systolic blood pressure (SBP) were found to be significantly positively correlated with MTWA (all p-values < 0.05).
Conclusion: We demonstrated that increased LVMI is associated with an elevated MTWA positivity in sustained hypertensives. Moreover, clinically significant LV geometric patterns including both concentric and eccentric hypertrophy are related with a raised MTWA positivity, which may lead to particular predilection to life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death in sustained hypertension.
Keywords: Concentric hypertrophy; eccentric hypertrophy; left ventricular geometry; microvolt t-wave alternans; sustained hypertension.