Evaluating the effect of state regulation of federally licensed firearm dealers on firearm homicide

Am J Public Health. 2014 Aug;104(8):1384-6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.301999. Epub 2014 Jun 12.


Effective federal regulation of firearm dealers has proven difficult. Consequently, many states choose to implement their own regulations. We examined the impact of state-required licensing, record keeping of sales, allowable inspections, and mandatory theft reporting on firearm homicide from 1995 to 2010. We found that lower homicide rates were associated with states that required licensing and inspections. We concluded that firearm dealer regulations might be an effective harm reduction strategy for firearm homicide.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Federal Government
  • Firearms / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Government Regulation
  • Homicide / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Poisson Distribution
  • State Government*
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Wounds, Gunshot / mortality*