Negative Reinforcement via Motivational Withdrawal Is the Driving Force Behind the Transition to Addiction

Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2014 Oct;231(19):3911-7. doi: 10.1007/s00213-014-3623-1. Epub 2014 Jun 13.

Publication types

  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Behavior, Addictive*
  • Drug-Seeking Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Models, Psychological*
  • Reward*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / etiology*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*