The development of methods to enrich cell populations for cancer stem cells (CSC) is urgently needed to help understand tumor progression, therapeutic escape and to evaluate new drugs, in particular for colorectal cancer (CRC). In this work, we describe the in vitro use of OncoMiD for colon, a CRC-specific primary cell culture medium, to enrich CRC cell lines in CSC. Sedimentation field flow fractionation (SdFFF) was used to monitor the evolution of subpopulations composition. In these models, medium induced a loss of adherence properties associated with a balance between proliferation and apoptosis rates and, more important, an increased expression of relevant CSC markers, leading to specific SdFFF elution profile changes.
Keywords: Cancer stem cells; Cell enrichment; Colorectal cancer; Defined medium; Sedimentation field flow fractionation.
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