HIV-positive men's experiences with integrated family planning and HIV services in western Kenya: integration fosters male involvement

AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2014 Aug;28(8):418-24. doi: 10.1089/apc.2014.0046. Epub 2014 Jun 13.


A growing body of evidence indicates that integrating family planning (FP) services into HIV care is effective at improving contraceptive uptake among HIV-positive women in resource-poor settings, yet little research has examined HIV-positive men's experiences with such integration. We conducted in-depth interviews with 21 HIV-positive men seeking care at HIV clinics in Nyanza, Kenya. All clinics were intervention sites for a FP/HIV service integration cluster-randomized trial. Grounded theory was used to code and analyze the data. Our findings highlight men's motivations for FP, reasons why men prefer obtaining their FP services, which include education, counseling, and commodities, at HIV care clinics, and specific ways in which integrated FP/HIV services fostered male inclusion in FP decision-making. In conclusion, men appear invested in FP and their inclusion in FP decision-making may bolster both female and male agency. Men's positive attitudes towards FP being provided at HIV care clinics supports the programmatic push towards integrated delivery models for FP and HIV services.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Contraception Behavior / psychology*
  • Counseling
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / organization & administration*
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / statistics & numerical data
  • Family Planning Services / organization & administration
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • HIV Infections / psychology*
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Services Accessibility
  • Humans
  • Kenya
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation
  • Patient Preference
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Professional-Patient Relations
  • Qualitative Research