A novel species of basidiomycetes was isolated from kitchen garden soil in Shahryar city, Tehran province, Iran. Molecular and conventional methods were employed to identify and classify this single isolate. Morphologically, the isolate was considered yeast-like with hyaline and oval cells reproducing by monopolar budding, forming ballistoconidia, hyphae, arthroconidia and didymospores. Basidia and basidiospores resembling those produced by Basidioascus species were observed. Sequencing and Bayesian phylogenetic analysis of rRNA genes and the internal transcribed spacer region revealed its sister relationship to described species of the genus Basidioascus. Assimilation and fermentation tests, cell-wall carbohydrate analysis and enzyme activity tests were performed to provide insight into the metabolism of the isolate. Based on morphology, physiology and phylogeny of rRNA gene sequences, the isolate was shown to represent a novel species of the genus Basidioascus, described as Basidioascus persicus sp. nov. (holotype IBRC P1010180(T) = ex-type IBRC M30078(T) = isotype CBS 12808(T)). The MycoBank number of the novel species is MB 804703. An emended description of the genus Basidioascus is also provided.
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