A high frequency of MDSCs in sepsis patients, with the granulocytic subtype dominating in gram-positive cases

J Leukoc Biol. 2014 Nov;96(5):685-93. doi: 10.1189/jlb.5HI0214-074R. Epub 2014 Jun 13.

Abstract

The causative microorganisms dictate the type of MDSC generated in sepsis patients, and a large proportion of PMN-MDSCs in gram-positive sepsis includes immunosuppressive myeloid blasts. MDSCs constitute a heterogeneous population of immature myeloid cells that potently suppress immune responses. They were identified originally in cancer patients and have since been reported to occur also in chronic inflammation, autoimmunity, and even bacterial infections. Human MDSCs are commonly divided into Mo-MDSCs and granulocytic (PMN-MDSCs) subtypes. To what extent the bona fide cancer MDSCs are representative of the proposed MDSCs found in other diseases is not well known. PMN-MDSCs have been found previously to be enriched among LDGs in density gradient-centrifuged blood. In this study, we analyzed potential MDSCs in sepsis patients with different causative microorganisms, using total peripheral blood compared with density gradient-centrifuged blood. We found a high frequency of typical CD14(+)HLA-DR(low) Mo-MDSCs in all sepsis patients, whereas the typical PMN-MDSCs, as well as a prominent CD14(low) PMN-MDSC-like population, appeared preferentially in gram-positive cases. The CD14(low) PMN-MDSC variant was demonstrated to suppress T cell proliferation in vitro via a ROS-dependent mechanism, to display an increased IL-10:TNF-α ratio, and to present with signs of immaturity: blast morphology and low cytokine levels. We conclude that a spectrum of cells with MDSC features is enriched in sepsis and that the microbial origin of sepsis contributes to the substantial interindividual patient variation in the MDSC pattern.

Keywords: CD11c; CD14; Ficoll; MDSC; cancer; granulocyte.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antigens, Surface / metabolism
  • Cytokines / biosynthesis
  • Female
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections / immunology
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections / metabolism
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections / microbiology
  • Granulocytes / immunology
  • Granulocytes / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Lymphocyte Activation / immunology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myeloid Cells / immunology*
  • Myeloid Cells / metabolism*
  • Phenotype*
  • Sepsis / immunology*
  • Sepsis / metabolism*
  • Sepsis / microbiology
  • T-Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology
  • T-Lymphocyte Subsets / metabolism
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Antigens, Surface
  • Cytokines