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Case Reports
, 10 (8), 1729-37

The Bone-Implant Interface - Nanoscale Analysis of Clinically Retrieved Dental Implants

Case Reports

The Bone-Implant Interface - Nanoscale Analysis of Clinically Retrieved Dental Implants

Furqan Ali Shah et al. Nanomedicine.


Evaluation of the fine structure of the bone-implant interface in humans is a prerequisite for a deepened understanding of structure-function relationships with nano-modified biomaterials. In this study, three clinically stable, yet retrieved, laser-modified dental implants were evaluated using histological and interface ultrastructural analyses. The cumulative results for all threads containing intact tissue showed remodeled Haversian bone with bone area and bone-implant contact in excess of 85% and 80%, respectively. Collagen fibrils, laid down parallel to the surface oxide layer, were mineralized by plate-like crystallites of stoichiometrically relevant (Ca/P ratios 1.30-1.67) bone-apatite. An overlap of titanium, oxygen, calcium and phosphorus signals indicated the gradual intermixing of bone-apatite and the nano-rough surface oxide. These results suggest that bone bonding to nano-textured titanium implant surfaces is promoted in human jaw-bone after functional loading.

From the clinical editor: In this study, newly developed and laser-modified titanium dental implants demonstrate strong evidence for implant-osseo integration basen on the surface and chemical analysis of three clinically stable dental implants.

Keywords: Bone bonding; Dental implant; Electron microscopy; Nano; Osseointegration; Ultrastructure.

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