Adipocyte differentiation is regulated by a transcriptional cascade that mainly includes CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein family members and the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ). Here we show the defects in adipocyte differentiation as well as PPARγ expression in Senp1(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblast cells induced by adipogenic stimuli. We further determine that SENP1 is a specific de-SUMOylation protease for Sharp-1, a repressor for PPARγ transcription and adipogenesis. SENP1 enhances adipogenesis through de-SUMOylation of Sharp-1, which then releases Sharp-1 repression of PPARγ expression and adipocyte differentiation. These results reveal SENP1 as a novel regulator in adipogenesis.
Keywords: Adipogenesis; Cell Differentiation; Gene Transcription; Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor (PPAR); SUMOylation.
© 2014 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.