CD6 is a lymphocyte glycoprotein receptor that physically associates with the antigen-specific receptor complex at the center of the immunological synapse, where it interacts with its ligand CD166/ALCAM. The present work reports the carbohydrate-dependent interaction of CD6 and CD166/ALCAM with Galectin-1 and -3, two well-known soluble mammalian lectins. Both galectins interfered with superantigen-induced T cell proliferation and cell adhesion phenomena mediated by the CD6-CD166/ALCAM pair, while CD6 expression protected cells from galectin-induced apoptosis. The results suggest that interaction of Galectin-1 and -3 with CD6 and CD166/ALCAM might modulate some relevant aspects of T cell physiology.
Keywords: ALCAM/CD166; Apoptosis; CD6; Cell adhesion; Galectin; T-cell activation.
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