Aim: Aim of the present study was to determine whether diabetes is independently and inversely associated with prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We performed a meta-analysis of contemporary literature in which adjusted (but not unadjusted) relative risk estimates are available.
Methods: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from January 1999 to April 2014 using Web-based search engines (PubMed and OVID). Studies considered for inclusion met the following criteria: the design was a prospective-cohort, population-screening, or case-control study; the study population was individuals with and without diabetes or AAA; and outcomes included adjusted (but not unadjusted) relative risks for prevalence/incidence of AAA in patients with diabetes versus subjects without diabetes. Study-specific adjusted relative risk estimate were combined using inverse variance-weighted average of logarithmic odds ratios (or hazard ratios) in the random-effects model.
Results: Of 324 potentially relevant articles screened initially, 13 eligible studies were identified and included. A pooled analysis of all the 13 studies demonstrated that diabetes was significantly associated with lower prevalence of AAA (odds ratio, 0.59; 95% confidence interval, 0.52 to 0.67; P<0.00001). When data from 6 prospective-cohort, 5 population-screening, and 2 case-control studies were separately pooled, diabetes was also significantly associated with lower prevalence of AAA (P for subgroup differences =0.05).
Conclusion: Diabetes appears to be inversely associated with prevalence of AAA.