Flowing together: a longitudinal study of collective efficacy and collective flow among workgroups

J Psychol. Jul-Aug 2014;148(4):435-55. doi: 10.1080/00223980.2013.806290.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to extend the Channel Model of Flow (Csikszentmihalyi, 1975, 1990) at the collective level (workgroups) by including collective efficacy beliefs as a predictor of collective flow based on the Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, 1997, 2001). A two-wave longitudinal lab study was conducted with 250 participants working in 52 small groups. Longitudinal results from Structural Equation Modeling with data aggregated at the group level showed, as expected, that collective efficacy beliefs predict collective flow over time, both being related reciprocally. Findings and their theoretical and practical implications in the light of Social Cognitive Theory are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Female
  • Group Processes*
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Students / psychology
  • Workflow*