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. 2014 Jun 19;10:136.
doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-10-136.

Influence of Non Ionizing Radiation of Base Stations on the Activity of Redox Proteins in Bovines

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Free PMC article

Influence of Non Ionizing Radiation of Base Stations on the Activity of Redox Proteins in Bovines

Michael Hässig et al. BMC Vet Res. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Background: The influence of electromagnetic fields on the health of humans and animals is still an intensively discussed and scientifically investigated issue (Prakt Tierarzt 11:15-20, 2003; Umwelt Medizin Gesellschaft 17:326-332, 2004; J Toxicol Environment Health, Part B 12:572-597, 2009). We are surrounded by numerous electromagnetic fields of variable strength, coming from electronic equipment and its power cords, from high-voltage power lines and from antennas for radio, television and mobile communication. Particularly the latter cause's controversy, as everyone likes to have good mobile reception at anytime and anywhere, whereas nobody wants to have such a basestation antenna in their proximity.

Results: In this experiment, the NIR has resulted in changes in the enzyme activities. Certain enzymes were disabled, others enabled by NIR. Furthermore, individual behavior patterns were observed. While certain cows reacted to NIR, others did not react at all, or even inversely.

Conclusion: The present results coincide with the information from the literature, according to which NIR leads to changes in redox proteins, and that there are individuals who are sensitive to radiation and others that are not. However, the latter could not be distinctly attributed - there are cows that react clearly with one enzyme while they do not react with another enzyme at all, or even the inverse. The study approach of testing ten cows each ten times during three phases has proven to be appropriate. Future studies should however set the post-exposure phase later on.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
GSH-PX trend of all cows together across the three phases.
Figure 2
Figure 2
SOD trend of all cows together across the three phases.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Catalase trend of all cows together across the three phases.
Figure 4
Figure 4
Trend of the summarized Rf-value for GSH-PX, Catalase and the inverse SOD value for each individual cow across the three phases. For calculation of the Rf-value refer to materials and methods.
Figure 5
Figure 5
Trend of the summarized Rf-value for GSH-PX, Catalase and the inverse SOD value of all cows together across the three phases. For calculation of the Rf-value refer to materials and methods.
Figure 6
Figure 6
Map of the study location. 1: Main cowshed made of concrete and wood. 2: Horses. 3: Meet calves. 4: Sheep. 5: Silo. 6: Passage. 7: Dairy. 8: Toolshed. 9: Yard – area where cows are turned out. 10: Goats. 11: Feeding table. 12: Drive thru formula image, formula image Tab: Antenna.: Cow in trial.
Figure 7
Figure 7
A GSM-Frame (4.62 ms) of the used mobile phone basis station signal.
Figure 8
Figure 8
The average field strength and standard deviation of the incident field at each cow location.
Figure 9
Figure 9
Total field (vector sum of X, Y and Z components).
Figure 10
Figure 10
Trial.

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References

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