Purpose of review: To review the preoperative preparation, intraoperative equipment and techniques to facilitate hysteroscopic resection of submucous fibroids.
Recent findings: The use of preoperative ultrasound can guide safe resection of submucous fibroids and should be an integral part of a preoperative workup. The data regarding misoprostol use for cervical dilation prior to hysteroscopy is somewhat conflicting and the decision to preoperatively administer misoprostol should be on a case-by-case basis. Hysteroscopic resection of submucous intrauterine fibroids can now be performed under low-dose spinal anesthesia and with the development of smaller instruments and bipolar technology, in an office-based setting without any anesthesia and, sometimes, analgesia. Although the complete removal of type 1 and 2 submucous fibroids remain a challenge, the development of newer techniques such as office preparation of partially intramural myomas and cold-loop myomectomy can result in better removal of these submucous fibroids with an intramural component.
Summary: Hysteroscopic resection of submucous uterine fibroids should be a simple, well tolerated and effective procedure. Innovations to the existing hysteroscopic techniques and the development of the hysteroscopic morcellator will hopefully result in a greater number of gynecologic surgeons being able to safely perform hysteroscopic resection of submucous uterine fibroids.