Three-year weight outcomes from a bariatric surgery registry in a large integrated healthcare system

Surg Obes Relat Dis. May-Jun 2014;10(3):396-403. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2014.02.044. Epub 2014 Mar 14.

Abstract

Background: A registry was created for patients having procedures for weight loss from 2004 to the present time at a large integrated healthcare system. The objective of this study was to compare findings to the literature and national quality monitoring databases and present 3-year weight loss outcomes.

Methods: Patients are passively enrolled in the registry with the following characteristics: a bariatric procedure for weight loss after January 1, 2004 and actively enrolled in the health plan at the time of surgery.

Results: Compared to national surgical quality databases, the registry (n = 20,296) has a similar proportion of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB; 58%), more vertical sleeve gastrectomy (SG; 40%), fewer banding (2%) procedures, more Hispanic patients (35%), and higher rates of 1 year follow-up (78%). RYGB patients lost more weight at every time point up to 3 years after surgery compared with SG patients (P<.001). Non-Hispanic white RYGB patients had a higher percent excess weight loss than non-Hispanic black (P<.001) and Hispanic (P<.001) RYGB patients. There were no differences between SG racial/ethnic groups in percent excess weight loss throughout the 3-year follow-up period.

Conclusion: We are one of the first groups to publish comparison weight outcomes for RYGB and SG in a diverse patient population, showing that the responses to RYGB and not SG vary by race/ethnicity.

Keywords: Men and women; Racial and ethnic minorities; Successful weight loss; Surgical quality monitoring.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bariatric Surgery / methods*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / standards*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Morbidity / trends
  • Obesity, Morbid / epidemiology
  • Obesity, Morbid / physiopathology
  • Obesity, Morbid / surgery*
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care / methods*
  • Registries*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Weight Loss / physiology*