Gingival angioleiomyoma-infrequent lesion of oral cavity at a rare site

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2014 Jan;18(1):107-10. doi: 10.4103/0973-029X.131928.


Gingival angioleiomyoma are rarely encountered lesions and most of these lesions are excised in toto in view of reactive gingival epulitic lesions. However, due to the vascular nature of these lesions, many a times surgeons experience unexpected hemorrhage and require extensive hemostatic management. A preoperative diagnosis is a must for these lesions and at least color imaging techniques can be utilized to know its vascular nature and preoperative tumor embolization can be done to be on the safer side. Also histopathological dilemma can occur due to the varied types of vascular arrangement in angioleiomyoma or due to simulation of other vascular lesion like hemangiomas, as well as due to similarity with other spindle cell neoplasms. We advocate the use of immunohistochemistry (IHC) to establish the exact diagnosis in such cases. Also due to infrequent reports of angioleiomyoma in such unusual location, we want to record this case for further reference in future.

Keywords: Angioleiomyoma; leiomyoma; vascular leiomyoma.

Publication types

  • Case Reports