Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 20 (7), 1231-4

MERS Coronavirus in Dromedary Camel Herd, Saudi Arabia

MERS Coronavirus in Dromedary Camel Herd, Saudi Arabia

Maged G Hemida et al. Emerg Infect Dis.


A prospective study of a dromedary camel herd during the 2013-14 calving season showed Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection of calves and adults. Virus was isolated from the nose and feces but more frequently from the nose. Preexisting neutralizing antibody did not appear to protect against infection.

Keywords: MERS; Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus; Saudi Arabia; genomics; mutation; phylogeny; transmission; viruses; zoonosis.


Phylogenetic tree of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) full genomes (29,901 nt after trimming the ends) or near–full genomes from humans and dromedary camels. The tree was constructed by using neighbor-joining methods with bootstrap resampling of 500 replicates. The most divergent MERS-CoV, Egypt NRCE-HKU205, was used as outgroup. Bold type indicates camel MERS-CoV genomes from this study. GenBank accession numbers of genome sequences included in this study are KJ477102, KF600652, KF600630, KF600651, KF186567, KF600627, KF186564, KF600634, KF600632, KF600644, KF600647, KF600645, KF186565, KF186566, KF745068, KF600620, KF600612, KC667074, KC164505, KF192507, KF600613, KF600628, KF961222, KF961221, KC776174, and JX869059. Scale bar indicates nucleotide substitutions per site.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 90 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles


    1. World Health Organization. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS‐CoV). Summary and literature update—as of 27 March 2014. [cited 2014 Apr 11].
    1. The WHO MERS-CoV Research Group. State of knowledge and data gaps of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in humans. PLoS Curr. 2013;5:pii:ecurrents.outbreaks.0bf719e352e7478f8ad85fa30127ddb8. PMID: 24270606 - PMC - PubMed
    1. Alagaili AN, Briese T, Mishra N, Kapoor V, Sameroff SC, de Wit E, et al. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection in dromedary camels in Saudi Arabia. MBio. 2014;5:e00884–14 and. 10.1128/mBio.01002-14 - DOI - PMC - PubMed
    1. Chu DKW, Poon LLM, Gomaa MM, Shehata MM, Perera RA, Zeid DA, et al. MERS coronaviruses in dromedary camels, Egypt. [Internet]. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014. Jun [cited 2014 Mar 31]. - PMC - PubMed
    1. Memish ZA, Cotton M, Meyer B, Watson SJ, Alsahafi AJ, Al Rabeeah AA, et al. Human infection with MERS coronavirus after exposure to infected camels, Saudi Arabia, 2013. [Internet]. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014. - PMC - PubMed

Publication types

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources