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Review
. 2014;2014:293582.
doi: 10.1155/2014/293582. Epub 2014 May 21.

The Technological Development of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

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Free PMC article
Review

The Technological Development of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Laura A Snyder et al. Biomed Res Int. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Minimally invasive spine surgery has its roots in the mid-twentieth century with a few surgeons and a few techniques, but it has now developed into a large field of progressive spinal surgery. A wide range of techniques are now called "minimally invasive," and case reports are submitted constantly with new "minimally invasive" approaches to spinal pathology. As minimally invasive spine surgery has become more mainstream over the past ten years, in this paper we discuss its history and development.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
A view of the microendoscope.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Tubular dilation in the microendoscopic foraminotomy.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Docking of final tubular retractor in microendoscopic foraminotomy.
Figure 4
Figure 4
Docking of microendoscope to final tubular retractor with light source.
Figure 5
Figure 5
Multilevel lumbar fusion via hybrid technique.

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