Objective: To review treatment with pulsatile luteinising hormone releasing hormone in infertile women who do not ovulate and are resistant to clomiphene after 100 pregnancies achieved with this treatment.
Design: Retrospective analysis of 146 courses of treatment over 434 cycles.
Setting: Infertility clinic.
Patients: 118 Women whose failure to ovulate was due to idiopathic hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (n = 39), amenorrhoea related to low weight (n = 17), organic pituitary disease (n = 15), or polycystic ovaries (n = 47).
Interventions: Dose of 15 micrograms luteinising hormone releasing hormone/pulse subcutaneously every 90 minutes given with a miniaturised pump throughout cycle monitored by ultrasound. Women with hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism had 48 courses, women with amenorrhoea related to low weight 23, women with organic pituitary disease 18, and women with polycystic ovaries 57.
End point: Follow up of 100 pregnancies achieved in 77 women during six years after introducing treatment. MEASUREMENTS and main results--One hundred pregnancies (seven multiple, 28 miscarriages). Cumulative rates of pregnancy were 93-100% at six months in women with idiopathic hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism, amenorrhoea related to low weight, and organic pituitary disease. In women with polycystic ovaries (cumulative rate of pregnancy 74%) adverse prognostic factors were obesity, hyperandrogenism, and high luteinising hormone concentrations, which were also associated with a high rate of early pregnancy loss.
Conclusions: Treatment with pulsatile luteinising hormone releasing hormone is safe, simple, and effective, and the preferred method of inducing ovulation in appropriately selected patients. Compared with exogenous gonadotrophin treatment there is little need for monitoring, no danger of hyperstimulation, and a low rate of multiple pregnancies.