Frequency and variability of dental morphology in deciduous and permanent dentition of a Nasa indigenous group in the municipality of Morales, Cauca, Colombia

Colomb Med (Cali). 2014 Mar 30;45(1):15-24. eCollection 2014 Jan-Mar.


Objectives: To determine the frequency, variability, sexual dimorphism and bilateral symmetry of fourteen dental crown traits in the deciduous and permanent dentition of 60 dental models (35 women and 25 men) obtained from a native, indigenous group of Nasa school children of the Musse Ukue group in the municipality of Morales, Department of Cauca, Colombia.

Methods: This is a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study that characterizes dental morphology by means of the systems for temporary dentition from Dahlberg (winging), and ASUDAS (crowding, reduction of hypocone, metaconule and cusp 6), Hanihara (central and lateral incisors in shovel-shape and cusp 7), Sciulli (double bit, layered fold protostylid, cusp pattern and cusp number) and Grine (Carabelli trait); and in permanent dentition from ASUDAS (Winging, crowding, central and lateral incisors in shovel-shape and double shovel-shape, Carabelli trait, hypocone reduction, metaconule, cusp pattern, cusp number, layered fold protostylid, cusp 6 and cusp 7).

Results: The most frequent dental crown features were the shovel-shaped form, grooved and fossa forms of the Carabelli trait, metaconule, cusp pattern Y6, layered fold, protostylid (point P) and cusp 6. Sexual dimorphism was not observed and there was bilateral symmetry in the expression of these features.

Conclusions: The sample studied presented a great affinity with ethnic groups belonging to the Mongoloid Dental Complex due to the frequency (expression) and variability (gradation) of the tooth crown traits, upper incisors, the Carabelli trait, the protostylid, cusp 6 and cusp 7. The influence of the Caucasoide Dental Complex associated with ethno-historical processes cannot be ruled out.

Objetivos: Determinar la frecuencia, la variabilidad, el dimorfismo sexual y la simetría bilateral de 14 Rasgos Morfológicos Dentales Coronales (RMDC) en dentición temporal y permanente de 60 modelos (35 mujeres y 25 hombres) obtenidos de un grupo de indígenas escolares Nasa del cabildo Musse Ukue del municipio de Morales, departamento del Cauca.

Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal cuantitativo que caracteriza la morfología dental mediante los sistemas en dentición temporal Dahlberg (winging), Asudas (crowding, reducción de hipocono, metacónulo y cúspide 6), Hanihara (incisivos centrales y laterales en pala y cúspide 7), Sciulli (doble pala, protostílido, pliegue acodado, patrón cuspídeo y número de cúspides) y Grine (cúspide de Carabelli); y en dentición permanente Asudas (Winging, crowding, incisivos centrales y laterales en pala, doble pala, cúspide de Carabelli, reducción del hipocono, metacónulo, patrón cuspídeo, número de cúspides, pliegue acodado, protostílido, cúspide 6 y cúspide 7).

Resultados: Los RMDC más frecuentes fueron la forma de pala, formas surco y fosa de la cúspide de Carabelli, metacónulo, patrón cuspídeo Y6, pliegue acodado, protostílido (punto P) y cúspide 6. No se observó dimorfismo sexual y hubo simetría bilateral en la expresión de los rasgos.

Conclusiones: La muestra estudiada presenta una alta afinidad con grupos étnicos pertenecientes al Complejo Dental Mongoloide debido a la frecuencia (expresión) y variabilidad (gradación) de los RMDC, incisivos en pala, la cúspide Carabelli, el Protostílido, la cúspide 6 y la cúspide 7; sin embargo, no se puede descartar influencia del Complejo Dental Caucasoide asociado con procesos etno-históricos.

Keywords: Dental anthropology; dental morphology; indigenous Nasa; non-metric dental traits.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Colombia
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dentition, Permanent*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incisor / anatomy & histology*
  • Indians, South American
  • Male
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Tooth / anatomy & histology
  • Tooth Crown / anatomy & histology*
  • Tooth, Deciduous / anatomy & histology*