This work takes place in the "cartilage targeting strategy", consisting in using the quaternary ammonium (QA) function as a vector to proteoglycans (PGs) of extracellular matrix (ECM). The objective was to demonstrate that QA could address gadolinium based small rigid platforms (SRP) to PG-rich tumors. SRP were functionalized with QA, radiolabeled with (111)Indium and evaluated for biodistribution in vivo, respectively to non functionalized SRP, in two experimental models: (i) the HEMCSS human xenograft model; (ii) the Swarm rat chondrosarcoma (SRC) orthotopic model. The contribution of cellular uptake to tumoral accumulation of nano-objects was also determined from in vitro binding. In the SRC model expressing a highly and homogeneously distributed PG content, tumor accumulation and retention of SRP@QA were increased by 40% as compared to non-functionalized SRP. When considering the radiosensitizing potential of gadolinium based SRP, these results provide hopes for the radiobiological approach of highly resistant tumor such as chondrosarcoma.
From the clinical editor: In this study, gadolinium-based complexing DOTA-surfaced small polysiloxane nanoparticles were functionalized with quaternary ammonium derivatives that target the extracellular matrix of chondrosarcoma. The authors demonstrate in a rat model that the use of these constructs results in a 40% increase of tumor accumulation and retention compared to non-functionalized (and otherwise same) platforms. Similar approaches would be welcome additions to the clinical armamentarium addressing chondrosarcoma.
Keywords: Chondrosarcoma; Nanoparticles; Proteoglycans; Targeting.
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